Seven capital cities every history student needs to see

Have you ever been assigned an academic paper on history and felt bored right after completing the first two sentences?

The secret is you need to visit the place you are writing about.

Diving into the culture of the city or country is integral for those who would like to learn about history without sitting in boring lectures.

Of course, if you are not a history student and your major is not directly related to it, you can just delegate a paper or an essay to a write my essay service and forget about this secondary subject.

However, if you are one of those, you are probably fascinated by world history and historical sites that attract numerous tourists. 

Maybe, you even know some unpopular destinations that are worth visiting and dream of going there.

Still, capitals are a must-see as they represent a significant period in the history of each country.

So, here are the top seven capitals you must visit to get closer to the history and witness what is left of it with your own eyes.

Rome, Italy

Pantheon, Villa Borghese, Palatine, the Catacombs, the Vatican City, triumphal arches, restaurants with authentic Italian cuisine, Rome has plenty of sites in stock for any kind of tourist.

One of the oldest and largest universities in the world – La Sapienza (the Sapienza University of Rome) – is located here and welcomes visitors at the Sapienza Museum Network which comprises 20 museums.

Obviously, you should also visit the Vatican and its museums.

The colossal columns and walls of the St. Peter’s basilica will be a huge bonus for you if you are also a fan of exquisite and grandiose architecture.

And, of course, do not forget about taking breaks between your guided tours and sightseeing.

For instance, Trastevere is known for a range of great cafes and takeouts.

If you reach it before sunset, consider visiting the Orange Garden (Giardino degli Aranci) on the other side of Tiber to witness the great view over the capital.

Thebes, Egypt 

Even though Thebes is no longer Egypt’s capital (and not even a proper city), it truly deserves attention, more than Cairo.

It used to be located to the east of Egypt where, these days, Luxor and Karnak stand.

Numerous ancient rulers of Egypt are buried there, and the ruins of Thebes literally border with the modern sights of Karnak and Luxor and will not leave you indifferent.

The most marvellous historical sites there comprise: 

  • Avenue of the Sphinxes
  • Valley of the Kings
  • Karnak Temple
  • Colossi of Memnon
  • Valley of the Queens
  • Great Hypostyle Hall

Jerusalem, Israel

Whether you are a religious person or not, Jerusalem will definitely amaze you. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is more than 5,000 years old. The walled capital has seen over 100 battles during its history and currently, there is a still-ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine who fight over the control over Jerusalem among other things. 

There are nearly 400 churches, synagogues, and mosques. And if that does not excite you, consider visiting the famous Western Wall and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher that was built in the fourth century.

Kyiv, Ukraine

Even before the US constitution was written, Ukrainians already had chances for the first constitution to come into effect.

Although Pylyp Orlyk’s Constitution (1710) was not enacted officially, it shows how much the Ukrainian nation strives for freedom.

The latter is also proven by the events that happened in 2014 in Kyiv – the heart of this country – when the Revolution of Dignity began.

Even today, Kyiv bravely stands against the Russian invasion that started on 24 February.

The most prominent historical sites in Kyiv include but are not limited to:

  • Babyn Yar
  • National Museum of the Holodomor-Genocide
  • catacombs
  • Andriyivskyy Descent
  • Maidan (Independence Square)
  • Alley of Heroes of the Heavenly Hundred

Athens, Greece

Greece is one of the most popular countries to travel to.

According to Statista, even in 2020, when the pandemic shook the world, the number of tourists exceeded seven million.

The Attica peninsula where Athens is situated was the most popular tourist destination in 2020, and there is a reason.

Here, tourists can witness the greatness of the resilient Parthenon, grandiose Temple of Olympian Zeus and, obviously, the Acropolis – the symbol of democracy.

Washington, DC, US

Everyone would like to see the Capitol and White House with their own eyes to embrace the energy of the USA capital.

Wherever you go there, history awaits you.

The preserved Lafayette Park with the St. John’s Church, Lincoln Memorial, National Portrait Gallery, Washington Monument, and many other sites and landmarks will help you to travel back in time. 

The latter is especially relevant to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum which hosts impressive exhibitions.

One of them is for children during which the young visitors can explore the history of the Holocaust through the eyes of a child.

Berlin, Germany

Berlin is one of the controversial capitals, yet, its greatness and historical value are unarguable.

There are more than 150 museums, so if you go there, plan a long trip to be able to visit the most prominent places like Pergamon Museum, Neues Museum, the Jewish Museum, and so on.

There is also the Stasi Museum, established right in their former headquarters.

In addition, there are numerous tunnels and bunkers built during World War II.

Just imagine, about 3,000 shelters underneath Berlin are still there, some are open for visitors.

There are even tunnels East German citizens made in an attempt to pass the Berlin Wall, and you can see them for yourself, too.

Final word

The number of prominent capitals definitely exceeds the number of seven cities.

Yet, the ones listed in this article are either among the oldest civilizations in the world or the cities that witnessed extremely intense historical events.

By traveling there and seeing their famous sites for yourself, you will probably become even more enthusiastic about studying history.

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